Point 11. The mediaeval town plan

Point 11. The mediaeval town plan


The mediaeval township covered a land area slightly smaller than in antiquity, of just 5,400m2, and was completely enclosed by walls. It is not known where the entrance was but it is very likely that it was at some point on the southern wall, perhaps next to the tower.

It should be stressed that the defensive walls and the main landmarks in the settlement (tower, water channels and so on) were planned as a unified whole. The layout inside the walls is another matter, with some structures older than others. So far 13 inhabited houses have been identified. Extrapolating these over the total land area gives a possible population of between 100 and 200 people in about 30 or 40 houses.

Many of the houses studied are also laid out radially, adjoining the wall, but this is not uniform, as some spaces by the wall were clear. In the centre, occupation of space does not seem to be the result of a planned design. Thus, the houses, of different sizes, are dotted about, often individually. However, the fact of facing the same way meant that in some cases they formed streets and frontages. Other buildings are to be found in the central area which were not family homes, but instead community structures such as stables. While the presence of a small chapel cannot be ruled out, it should be remembered that the church of Santa Cecília, documented from 925, lay outside the settlement.

There is an example of this micro town planning in the western part, with a complex house made up of four rooms backing onto the wall, and a whole series of dispersed houses in the central part which seem to have been intended to form streets.

Image: Ground plan of the mediaeval phase shown in red

Image: Hypothetical ground plan of the western area in the middle ages

Illustration in colour: Axonometric view of the western built-up area of the village