Point 10. The mediaeval tower

Point 10. The mediaeval tower

 

In the mediaeval period the settlement had a defensive wall around it. Its fortifications were also complemented by a high watch tower at the south-western corner. This was built from strong walls, more than a metre thick, built using the opus spicatum technique.

 

It was a structure on a square floor plan measuring 6.3 by 6.1m (39m2). One of the entrances was on the ground floor, consisting of a 1.3m wide door in the western wall, with a threshold of flat stones, leading into a room without any divisions in it.

 

However, this was probably not the only door. It would certainly have been connected to the wall and there would be an entrance at the height of the walkway at the top of the wall leading into an upper floor. A movable ladder would be used to get from one floor to another.

 

The location of the tower at the corner must have been connected with its function, and this is why it has been described as a watch tower. From the top of the tower, more than 5-6m metres in height, it would have been possible to see and keep an eye on the whole of the western third of the region.

 

 

Image: Ground plan of the tower marked in red

Image: Hypothetical plan of the tower

Illustration in colour: Axonometric view of the mediaeval tower seen from inside the village, showing part of its interior